List of Law Enforcement Agencies in Nigeria
List of Law Enforcement Agencies in Nigeria: In a society, certain forces are put in place to ensure law and order. The President cannot handle such responsibilities alone, so he creates bodies to handle those responsibilities for him. Each agency is assigned to a part of the country. Some have the responsibility to protect or enforce laws on land, air, and water while some enforce laws in different sectors of the country.
Nigeria as a federal state has several enforcement agencies that help to keep the law or enforce them. Some of them have been listed and extensively explained below.
What is a Law Enforcement Agency?
A law enforcement agency is an agency created by the government of a state to enforce the law.
List of Law Enforcement Agencies in Nigeria.
In Nigeria, we have different law enforcement agencies. They have been listed below:
- Nigerian Police Force (NPF).
- Nigerian Navy.
- Nigerian Army.
- National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA).
- National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP).
- Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC).
- Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).
- Nigeria Security & Civil Service Defence Corps (NSCDC).
- State Security Service of Nigeria (SSS).
- Nigeria Sexual Offenders and Service Provider Database (NSOD).
- Nigeria Customs Service (NCS).
- National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA).
The Nigerian Police is the principal crime prevention and detection agency in Nigeria. They also protect the lives and properties of citizens, preserve law and order, and arrest lawbreakers. The body was formed in 1930 and has its headquarters in Abuja, Nigeria.
The Nigerian Navy as originated from the Royal Navy is a quasi-military organization that is responsible for the naval defence of Nigeria. They perform coast guard duties and also assist in enforcing customs laws.
They further make hydrographic surveys and senior officers help to train other junior officers in naval duties.
The Nigerian Army was established with the main aim of guarding the Royal Niger Company and its assets. The Nigerian Army has the sole aim of maintaining the territorial integrity of Nigeria by defending the country from external aggression. They protect the country’s borders and perform other duties as stipulated by the National Assembly’s Act or President.
They also restore law and order and help to protect the lives of Nigerians. They are always on standby to respond to crisis and insurrections promptly. They defend tourist sites, historic sites, and natural resources of Nigeria.
NDLEA is another enforcement agency in Nigeria created by the federal government to eliminate the growing, processing, production, exporting trafficking, and selling of hard and illicit drugs in Nigeria.
NDLEA officers work to stop drugs from being sold within Nigeria or trafficked across the border. This enforcement agency was created by Decree No. 48 of 1989. NDLEA works in the health sector.
The Federal Government in 2003, created NAPTIP to combat the trafficking of human beings thereby making Nigeria a human trafficking-free nation. The agency investigates and prosecutes cases of human trafficking and other similar offences.
They also assist victims of kidnap and trafficking.
FRSC is an agency created by the Nigerian government with the statutory responsibility of ensuring road safety in Nigeria. It was established in 1988 and operates in all states in Nigeria.
They ensure that road users are obedient to traffic rules, drive responsibly, maintain their vehicles and have all safety equipment in their vehicles. They also make the highway free from things that may cause harm to road users.
EFCC is an enforcement agency in Nigeria established in 2003 to investigate financial and economic crimes. Some crimes they look out for are money laundering and advance fee fraud (419).
Since it was created, EFCC has done a great job of protecting Nigeria from money laundering, grafts, and crimes relating to money/finances.
NSCDC was formed during the Nigerian Civil War in 1967 to protect and sensitize civil citizens. It is a paramilitary agency in Nigeria that works with the Nigerian Police to protect lives and properties and protect pipelines from vandalism.
The State Security Service of Nigeria (SSS) is also known as the Department of State Services (DSS). It is a security agency in Nigeria responsible for gathering intelligence within Nigeria.
They were created by the office of the Presidency to protect senior government officials, most especially the President and state governors. The SSS reports all its activities to the NSA. They also protect Nigeria from domestic threats and enforce the criminal laws of the country.
- Nigeria Sexual Offenders and Service Provider Database (NSOSPD).
This is simply a compilation of reported, convicted or arraigned cases of sexual abuse or violations. It was formed in 2019 and is managed by the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP).
Those documents can be accessed by the public and security agencies in the state.
Formed in 1891 by the Federal Government, the Nigeria Customs Service is saddled with the sole responsibility of collecting and making returns of Customs and Inland Revenue.
They perform their duties in the Niger Coast Protectorate and report to the government. Currently, the NCS operates under the supervisory oversight of the Nigerian Ministry of Finance. They also facilitate trade in anti-smuggling activities and national and international trade.
As cleanliness is next to godliness, the federal government of Nigeria thought it wise to establish NESREA in 2007 to ensure a cleaner and healthier environment for Nigerians.
They enforce environmental laws, regulate, and create standards that will deter people, organizations and industries from degrading and polluting the environment.
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